Bundaberg Regional Libraries research has revealed some of the interesting facts about the European settlement and history of Gin Gin which produced three colonial premiers.
Although it is unknown whether Gin Gin was named after a settlement in Western Australia or the Indigenous word meaning thick scrub, the area has a history of more than 140 years.
The research undertaken by the Bundaberg Regional Libraries' Heritage Team shares a short history of early Gin Gin and the now recognisable placenames and landmarks.
The beginnings of European settlement in the area occurred around 1847 to 1848 when Gregory Blaxland and William Forster brought 30,000 sheep and 800 cattle up from the Clarence River area of New South Wales.
They settled on a large property in the southern area of the later known Kolan Shire which they named Tirroan.
Blaxland was killed in 1850 and in 1854 Forster left to enter politics in New South Wales.
The station was sold, although exactly when is unknown, to Arthur and Alfred Brown who renamed it Gingin, either because they came from Gingin in Western Australia, or from the Indigenous word chin chin meaning “thick scrub”.
It was still running sheep at this stage but the next owner, Sir Thomas McIlwraith, gradually made the change from sheep to cattle.
Not only was Tirroan/Gingin Station the first settlement in the area, but it also produced three colonial premiers.
At various times Gingin Station was owned by William Forster (Premier of NSW, 1859-1860), Sir Thomas McIlwraith (Premier of Qld, 1879-1883, 1888, and 1893), and Sir Arthur Palmer (Premier of Queensland, 1870-1874).
In 1849, soon after Blaxland and Forster settled Tirroan (Gingin) Station, Walla Station was settled by Dr J and Archibald McMurdo Thompson.
George Rankin also formed Wonbah in 1849.
William and James Landsborough took up Tenningering, near Goodnight Scrub, and Monduran in 1850, and in that same year J. Blackman settled Kolonga.
Molangool was also taken up around this time, and these stations were to define the basic boundaries of the later Shire of Kolan.
Gin Gin takes shape
The original boundaries of the division were the Burnett Range to the west, the Dawes and Watalgan Ranges to the north, the Burnett River to the south, and the sea to the east.
Geographically these were fairly obvious boundaries. However, the large area and the resulting diverse interests proved untenable, and in 1886 the Gooburrum Divisional Board was formed from the eastern part of the division.
A township at Gin Gin was not always a certainty as both Walla and Monduran were considered as sites for the establishment of a town.
The town of Gin Gin had its beginnings in 1874 when the Electric Telegraph Department connected lines to Bundaberg and Gladstone at Gin Gin, which it spelt as two words in accordance with Government practice, unlike the Station which was spelt as one word.
Amusingly, Sir Thomas McIlwraith objected to the Government’s spelling of Gin Gin as he was charged for two words in his telegrams.
He insisted the name of his station was spelt Gingin and he should be charged for only one word.
Incidentally, some sources refer to Gin Gin being more correctly, or later known as, Albany.
Vital in determining the need for a town in the first place was the building of the railways which enabled access, goods transport and settlement by new residents.
Population starts to grow in Gin Gin
The building of the Bundaberg-Mt Perry line, Mt Perry being a burgeoning copper mining town at the time, during the 1870s and 1880s boosted the region’s population and provided more impetus for the establishment of a town as a service centre.
Gin Gin’s development
In 1881 the census records Gin Gin as a town for the first time, with 35 residents.
By 1886 the population had risen to 78 and in 1891 it was 148. Gin Gin was growing and was rapidly asserting itself as the ‘capital’ of the shire.
1901 saw 11.7 per cent (222 residents) of the shire’s population living in Gin Gin.
In 1933 it had jumped to 15.6 per cent (450 residents), and in 1954 it was up to 22.9 per cent (573 residents).
By 1879 the emerging town supported two public houses due the significant traffic on the Bundaberg-Mt Perry Road and the Maryborough-Gladstone Road.
And by 1900 many businesses had opened to support the needs of the area’s residents.
Businesses present in Gin Gin around 1900 included blacksmiths, a post office, grocers, a barber, a bank, a soft drink factory, nursing homes, a doctor and a baker.
It was important to establish necessary and quality facilities and services in order to attract even more residents to Gin Gin.
Further testimony to Gin Gin’s growth and future prospects may be seen in the establishment of a school at Gin Gin to educate the area’s young people. The school (later Gin Gin State School) opened in 1882 as a one-teacher school and was originally in a building near the current Gin Gin Post Office.
It was later moved and has been sited in May Street for around 120 years.
In the early days the school provided for both primary school and high school students.
Of course, Gin Gin didn’t develop just as a business centre. It also met the social needs of the district. The School of Arts opened in 1883 and offered many of the town’s social activities.
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